The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
At least one in nine women develops breast cancer at some stage in their life. About 48,000 cases occur in the United Kingdom every year. Mostly develops in women over the age of 50 but younger women are also sometimes affected. Breast cancer can also develop in men, but this is rare. Breast cancer develops from a cancerous cell which develops in the lining of a mammary duct or a lobule in one of the breasts. It follows the classic progression though it often becomes systemic or widespread in the early onset of the disease. During this period, the cancer may metastasize, or spread through lymphatic’s or blood stream to areas elsewhere in the body. If breast cancer spreads to vital organs of the body, its presence will compromise the function of those organs. Fatal death is the result of extreme case of vital organ function.
- Track 1-1A new perspective on your health
- Track 1-2Having dense breasts
- Track 1-3Breast cancer knowledge and characteristics
- Track 1-4Inflammatory Breast Cancer
- Track 1-5Triple negative breast cancer
- Track 1-6Metastatic Breast cancer
Breast cancer can begin in different areas of the breast — the ducts, the lobules, or in some cases, the tissue in between. In this section, you can learn about the different types of breast cancer, including non-invasive, invasive, and metastatic breast cancers, as well as the intrinsic or molecular subtypes of breast cancer.
- Track 2-1Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS)
- Track 2-2IDC Type: Tubular Carcinoma of the Breast
- Track 2-3Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC)
Researchers have identified hormonal, lifestyle and environmental factors that may increase your risk of breast cancer. But it's not clear why some people who have no risk factors develop cancer, yet other people with risk factors never do. It's likely that breast cancer is caused by a complex interaction of your genetic makeup and your environment. A number of inherited mutated genes that can increase the likelihood of breast cancer have been identified. The most well-known are breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer gene 2 (BRCA2), both of which significantly increase the risk of both breast and ovarian cancer.
- Track 3-1A personal history of breast cancer
- Track 3-2Drinking alcohol
- Track 3-3Radiation exposure
- Track 3-4Inherited breast cancer
- Track 3-5Increasing age
The most common symptom of breast cancer is a new lump or mass. A painless, hard mass that has irregular edges is more likely to be cancer, but breast cancers can be tender, soft, or rounded. They can even be painful. For this reason, it is important to have any new breast mass, lump, or breast change checked by a health care professional experienced in diagnosing breast diseases.
- Track 4-1Breast discoloration
- Track 4-2Breast pain
- Track 4-3Skin dimpling
- Track 4-4Enlarged lymph nodes
A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting the Breast Cancer. Simply being a woman is the main risk factor for breast cancer. Men can get breast cancer, too, but this disease is about 100 times more common in women than in men. As you get older, your risk of breast cancer goes up. Most breast cancers are found in women age 55 and older. If you have inherited a mutated copy of either gene from a parent, you have a higher risk of breast cancer. About 5% to 10% of breast cancer cases are thought to be hereditary, meaning that they result directly from gene defects (called mutations) passed on from a parent.
- Track 5-1Getting older
- Track 5-2Genetic mutations
- Track 5-3Early menstrual period
- Track 5-4Using combination hormone therapy
Nursing in cancer care focuses on patient assessment, education, symptom management, and supportive care safe drug handling; evaluation of laboratory data; calculation of drug dosages in the basis of surface area of body, insertion of intravenous lines or accessing central venous devices; continuous and time intensive monitoring to address potential adverse reactions or drug interactions; and screening patients for inclusion in available research trials or protocols. In the radiation oncology arena, the nurses need to have the knowledge of radiobiology and radiation physics. They are also responsible for extensive symptom management, patient education and the submission process for clinical trials or research protocols.
- Track 6-1Clinical practice guideline
- Track 6-2Complementary therapies
- Track 6-3Early detection information
- Track 6-4Mammographic density & screening
Breast cancer in men is a rare disease. Less than 1% of all breast cancers occur in men. In 2018, about 2,550 men are expected to be diagnosed with the disease. For men, the lifetime risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer is about 1 in 1,000.The various hormones in girls' and women's bodies stimulate the breast tissue to grow into full breasts. Boys' and men's bodies normally don't make much of the breast-stimulating hormones. As a result, their breast tissue usually stays flat and small.Still, you may have seen boys and men with medium-sized or big breasts. Usually these breasts are just mounds of fat. But sometimes men can develop real breast gland tissue because they take certain medicines or have abnormal hormone levels.
Because breast cancer in men is rare, few cases are available to study. Most studies of men with breast cancer are very small. But when a number of these small studies are grouped together, we can learn more from them.
- Track 7-1Symptoms of breast cancer in men
- Track 7-2Familial predisposition
- Track 7-3Staging and diagnosis
Breast cancer screening means checking a woman’s breasts for cancer before there are signs or symptoms of the disease. The Breast Cancer Screening Chart.All women need to be informed by their health care provider about the best screening options for them.Although breast cancer screening cannot prevent breast cancer, it can help find breast cancer early, when it is easier to treat.A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. Mammograms are the best way to find breast cancer early, when it is easier to treat and before it is big enough to feel or cause symptoms. Having regular mammograms can lower the risk of dying from breast cancer.
- Track 8-1Mammography
- Track 8-2Breast ultrasound
- Track 8-3PEM &EIT
- Track 8-4Breast magnetic resonance imaging
If you develop breast cancer during pregnancy the treatment you are offered will depend on the type and extent of your breast cancer, the trimester of your pregnancy when the cancer is diagnosed and your individual circumstances.Effective treatment for breast cancer can be given during pregnancy without affecting the baby. You cannot pass cancer on to your baby and there is no evidence that having breast cancer during pregnancy affects your baby’s development in any way.Terminating the pregnancy isn’t usually recommended when breast cancer is diagnosed. Most women will be able to carry on with their pregnancy while having breast cancer treatment.There’s no evidence to suggest that a termination will improve the outcome for women diagnosed with breast cancer during pregnancy. However, termination may be discussed if chemotherapy is recommended during the first trimester.
- Track 9-1Risk during in pregnancy
- Track 9-2Treatment during pregnancy
- Track 9-3Test & examination
- Track 9-4Study of cancer cell during pregnancy
Most women with breast cancer will have some type of surgery to remove the tumor. Depending on the type of breast cancer and how advanced it is, you might need other types of treatment as well, either before or after surgery, or sometimes both.Typically, treatment plans are based on the type of breast cancer, its stage, and any special situations.The American Cancer Society also has programs and services – including rides to treatment, lodging, and more – to help you get through treatment.Your cancer care team will be your first source of information and support, but there are many places you can get more help if you need it. Hospital- or clinic-based support services are an important part of your care. These might include nurse or social work services, financial aid, nutritional advice, rehab, or spiritual help.
- Track 10-1Radiation Therapy
- Track 10-2Adjuvant systematic therapy
- Track 10-3Local therapy (surgery and radiation therapy)
- Track 10-4Chemotherapy
- Track 10-5Targeted therapy
The recent trends in mammography, and in breast cancer incidence and mortality, demonstrate the impact of an effective cancer control effort. The number of women over age 40 years who have ever had mammography has increased over 200% since 1980. Concomitantly, breast cancer incidence has increased about 32%, with nearly all of the increase in early stage disease. Analytic studies of these changes have demonstrated persuasively that the vast majority of this increase is temporary and is attributable to the lead-time afforded by mammography. As a result of this early detection and treatment of breast cancer, mortality has begun to decline in 1991–92. Although the search for practical preventive measures should continue, the benefits of early detection can be realized now. Further research is needed to define age groups most appropriately screened and the optimum intervals for screening.
- Track 11-1Mortality and mammography
- Track 11-2Target cancer cell
Breast cancer and its treatment may affect your physical functioning and energy. For instance, many breast cancer treatments decrease estrogen in the body, which may decrease bone density. Exercise may be used to promote bone density and help lower the risk of breast cancer recurrence. Exercise may also help you manage treatment-related fatigue, especially during radiation treatments.oncology rehabilitation team is available to help you overcome physical deficits, build strength, reduce pain and combat fatigue.oncology rehabilitation therapists are available to work with your surgical oncologist to help you prevent or reduce lymphedema by using drainage techniques, stretching exercises and massages.
Throughout your breast cancer treatment, rehabilitation therapists will be available to work with you and the other members of your care team to help improve your physical functioning and sense of well-being.
Rehabilitation team also provides an educational component to help you understand the physical and psychological benefits of physical restoration, and to help prepare you and your family for continuing the program at home.
- Track 12-1Physical therapy
- Track 12-2Occupational therapy
- Track 12-3Manual therapy
Everyone has BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. The function of the BRCA genes is to repair cell damage and keep breast, ovarian, and other cells growing normally. But when these genes contain mutations that are passed from generation to generation, the genes don't function normally and breast, ovarian, and other cancer risk increases. BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations may account for up to 10% of all breast cancers, or 1 out of every 10 cases.
- Track 13-1BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic mutations
Breast cancer stage is usually expressed as a number on a scale of 0 through IV — with stage 0 describing non-invasive cancers that remain within their original location and stage IV describing invasive cancers that have spread outside the breast to other parts of the body.
- Track 14-1Stage 0
- Track 14-2Stage I
- Track 14-3 Stage II
- Track 14-4 Stage III
- Track 14-5Stage IV
Most women with breast cancer have some type of surgery as part of their treatment. There are different types of breast surgery, and it may be done for different reasons, depending on the situation.
- Track 15-1Surgery to remove just the area of cancer
- Track 15-2Surgery to remove your whole breast
- Track 15-3Breast reconstruction
- Track 15-4Removing the lymph nodes
Every cancer triggers an immune response that constitutes an important first-line protection against cancer progression. In breast cancer, there is an increasing awareness of the relationship between the immune system and tumor evolution. The tumor microenvironment is composed of a variety of immune cells that can control or arrest malignant progression. Chemotherapy and targeted therapy have been shown to modulate this immune microenvironment.
- Track 16-1Gene Expression Profiling: The Immune Signatures
- Track 16-2Relationship Between Breast Cancer Therapies and the Immune System
- Track 16-3Challenges in Immunotherapy
Clinical trials are carefully controlled research studies that are done to get a closer look at promising new treatments or procedures. Clinical trials are one way to get state-of-the art cancer treatment. In some cases they may be the only way to get access to newer treatments. They are also the best way for doctors to learn better methods to treat cancer.Overall standard of care can be improved with the help of these studies. Side effects are there for all treatment of breast cancer and for some diagnosis tests as well during the clinical trials research trys to figure out the side effects of treatment as well as successful rate of new treatment procedure. Clinical trials are done after the preclinical trials. Preclinical trials are done on mice, and they suggest whether it will be safe for people to exposure a new treatment or not. Security and advantages of new medications can be tested with the help of clinical trials.
- Track 17-1Phase of Trials
- Track 17-2Cohort and case study
- Track 17-3Screening and prevention trials
- Track 17-4Pilot study
urvivorship is one of the most complicated parts of having cancer. This is because it is different for everyone.
Survivors may experience a mixture of strong feelings, including joy, concern, relief, guilt, and fear. Some people say they appreciate life more after a cancer diagnosis and have gained a greater acceptance of themselves. Others become very anxious about their health and uncertain about coping with everyday life. Some people may even prefer to put the experience behind them and feel that their lives have not changed in a major way.Survivors may feel some stress when their frequent visits to the health care team end after completing treatment. Often, relationships built with the cancer care team provide a sense of security during treatment, and people miss this source of support. This may be especially true when new worries and challenges surface over time, such as any late effects of treatment, emotional challenges including fear of recurrence, sexuality and fertility concerns, and financial and workplace issues.
- Track 18-1Changing role of care givers
- Track 18-2Quality of life issue
- Track 18-3Coping with stress
- Track 18-4Fatigue and insomnia
If you are a woman who has a history of cancer, has a genetic predisposition for breast cancer or just has general concerns or questions regarding their breast health, Karmanos offers guidance, support and screenings. Our highly-trained nurse practitioners, who are focused on overall breast health and wellness, are here to help.
- Track 19-1Feel the feelings
- Track 19-2Rest but fight fatigue
- Track 19-3Pamper yourself
During Breast Cancer Awareness , Breast Cancer Now aim to get as many people as possible involved in raising awareness and funds for breast cancer research.
As the UK's largest breast cancer research charity, along with our supporters, we do this through campaigning, raising money, an array of events across the UK as well as, of course, wearing it pink with all of you!This Breast Cancer Awareness do something great – make life-saving research happen by supporting wear it pink.There are plenty of other ways to get involved and support our work during Breast Cancer Awareness and beyond.
From campaigning to help women get access to the breast cancer drugs they need, to sharing information women need to know about checking their breasts, your support will help to reach the day when breast cancer has claimed its last life.
- Track 20-1Stages
- Track 20-2Diagnosis
- Track 20-3Early detection